Italian architect, city planner, designer, and author
Aldo Rossi (born May 3, 1931, Milan, Italy–died September 4, 1997, Milan, Italy) was an Italian designer and architect who achieved international recognition as a theorist, author, artist, teacher, designer, and architect. Rossi was the first Italian architect to receive the Pritzker Prize for architecture in 1990.
His early education was with the Somascan Religious Order, and then he studied at Alessandro Volta College in Lecco. In 1949, he studied architecture at the Politecnico di Milano, where he graduated in 1959 with the assistance of his thesis advisor, Piero Portaluppi.
In 1956 and 1957, Aldo Rossi worked at the studios of the influential architects and furniture designers Ignazio Gardella and of Marco Zanuso. In 1963, Aldo Rossi started his long involvement in academia, first as an assistant professor to architect and urban planner Ludovico Quaroni, at the school of urban planning in Arezzo, and in 1965, as an assistant professor to architect and urban planner Carlo Aymonino, at the Institute of Architecture in Venice. In 1966 he was appointed lecturer at the Politecnico di Milano, and the following year he published The Architecture of the City, which soon became a classic text in architectural literature. His role as an academic endured his entire professional life, and, in the U.S. alone, he became a visiting professor at Harvard, Yale, Cooper Union, and Cornell. read more
During the 1960s, Rossi’s professional career was dedicated almost entirely to architectural theory, but it took a different direction in 1970 when he designed, for Carlo Aymonino, an important part of the Monte Amiata housing complex in the Gallaratese quarter of Milan, and, independently, when he designed part of the San Cataldo Cemetery in Modena, Italy. The Cataldo Cemetery is one of Aldo Rossi’s larger-scale projects, and is considered one of the first and most important postmodern buildings in the world.
From 1971 until 1975, Rossi served as the chair of architectural design at the science and technology school ETH in Zurich. In 1973, he was the director of the International Architecture Section at the XV Triennale di Milano (Milan Triennial) Exhibition of Decorative Arts and Modern Architecture. For this exhibition, he coproduced the documentary film Ornament and Crime, directed by Luigi Durissi, in which he approached and criticized the idea of an all-encompassing architecture that suppresses the agency of users and designers to change the environment. In 1975, Aldo Rossi returned to Italy to teach architectural composition in Venice.
Rossi’s work as an architectural theorist and urban designer is best exemplified in two of his books: The Architecture of the City (L’architettura della città, 1966) and A Scientific Autobiography (Autobiografia Scientifica, 1981). In these writings, as well as in his design work, Aldo Rossi refers to the city as the focal point and criticizes the lack of understanding of the concept of a “city” in current architectural practice. He argued that a city must be studied and valued as something constructed over time and that of particular interest are the urban artifacts that withstand the passage of time.
Throughout his career, Aldo Rossi completed many important projects outside of Italy, such as the Toronto Lighthouse Theatre in Canada; the Palazzo Hotel and Restaurant Complex in Fukuoka, Japan; the Monumental Arch in Galveston, Texas; the new School of Architecture in Miami, Florida; the Pocono Pines houses in Mount Pocono, Pennsylvania; and the Parc de la Villete in Paris, France.
In terms of product design, the same distinctive independence of his buildings is very much reflected in the micro-architectures of the products he designed. In the 1980s, Rossi designed stainless steel cafetières and other products for Alessi and others.
Last updated: February 22, 2019
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