Italian furniture and lighting designer
Achille Castiglioni (born February 16, 1918, Milan–died December 2, 2002, Milan) was an Italian designer of furniture, lighting, radiograms, and other objects. Castiglioni first studied the classics and then art at the Liceo Classico Giuseppe Parini and at the Accademia di Belle Arti di Brera in Milan. In 1937, he enrolled in the Faculty of Architecture at the Politecnico di Milano, graduating in 1944. Immediately after graduating, Achille Castiglioni began intense research of shapes and new techniques and materials aimed at developing an integral design process.
Achille Castiglioni initially worked with his brothers, Livio and Pier Giacomo Castiglioni. Livio quit in 1952, but Achille and Pier Giacomo continued to work together until 1968, when Pier Giacomo died. read more
In 1940, Achille Castiglioni and his brother Livio participated in the VII Triennale di Milano (Milan Triennial), titled Exhibition of the Radio, and collaborated with the Phonola Company in important research and the study of broadcasting devices. This study proved fruitful as Achille and his other brother Pier Giacomo would later design radio and sound appliances with innovative designs, such as the radio phonograph RR 126 (1966) and record player RR 128 for Brionvega (1966).
From 1947 to 1957, Achille Castiglioni created a large number of exhibition designs, something that he particularly enjoyed as this more fluid flow of projects allowed him greater creative freedom than he experienced with the architectural projects. During this period, Achille also participated with his brother Pier Giacomo in the Italian Exhibition of Furniture (RIMA), with curved-plywood furniture, and he achieved important product designs, such as the Tubino (1949) and Luminator (1955) lamps, and the Spalter vacuum cleaner (1956).
Achille and Pier Giacomo’s industrial designs were smart and playful, and most of the works they did together are not attributable exclusively to either one of them. Among these works are the light designs they did for FLOS, such as: Taraxacum ceiling lamp and Gatto table lamp (1960), Beehive -or Splügen Braü lamp (1961), Toio –or Toy lamp (1962), Arco lamp (1962), Taccia lamp (1962), and Snoopy lamp (1967). But they also designed playful furnishings products during this time; some examples are: Sello stool for Zanotta (1957), Sgabello per Telefono, a telephone stool in the shape of a bicycle seat, and the Mezzardo, or sharecropper’s stool, for Zanotta (1957); the RR 226 stereo system (1965); and the Sanluca chair for Gavina (1961).
After the death of Pier Giacomo, Achille Castiglioni continued as a solo designer and urban planner. In 1969, he started to teach architecture and design at the Politecnico di Torino, and from 1980 onwards, he taught at the Politectinico di Milano.
Achille Castiglioni won the Compasso D’Oro, Italy’s top prize for industrial design, nine times. In 1997, the Museum of Modern Art in New York City held a comprehensive exhibition of his work.
Last updated: June 24, 2019
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