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Portrait of Carlo Mollino flying on a place and with goggles on his head

Carlo Mollino

Italian designer, architect and photographer


“Only when a work is not explainable other than in terms of itself can we say that we are in the presence of art.”

Carlo Mollino

Carlo Mollino (born May 6, 1905, Turin, Italy–died August 27, 1973, Turin, Italy) was an Italian designer, architect, photographer and writer. As a man of many talents, Mollino was also an avid race car driver, pilot, ski enthusiast, fashion designer, and inventor.

After studying mechanical engineering and art history, followed by architecture at Turin University, Mollino went to work for the engineering company owned by his father, Eugenio Mollino. By the 1940s, Carlo was creating his own furniture designs and architectural projects. He took part in various architecture competitions (winning first prize for the Federazione Agricoltori) and collaborated with other artists, such as Italian sculptor Umberto Mastroianni with whom he designed the Monument to the Partisan in Turin. read more

His work was often considered outrageous, flamboyant, versatile, futuristic, surrealist, eclectic, and eccentric, to say the least. He himself described his work as “Turinese Baroque.” With the introduction of the Polaroid instant camera, Mollino created a series of portraits in his studio-home, Casa Miller. A house he never lived in, but where he would go every day to work, and which was along the Po river and across the street from where his good friend and artist Carlo Rama lived.

His photographic work includes more than 1,000 polaroids. Most of them of nude women of Turin’s night life, that were kept archived at his casa-studio. It is important to note that this erotic photographic work wasn’t known until after his death. Since then, it has been frequently speculated how his interest in the occult and the female body might have helped churn his creativity and set his preference for the organic forms seen across his work.

Tabolo Aragesco or Arabesque table designed by Carlo Mollino
Tabolo Arabesco designed by Carlo Mollino

Given the influence that futurism, surrealism, and eroticism had in Carlo Molino, it is not surprising that his furniture designs would be uncommon to the patterns and predilections of other Italian contemporary designers. Carlo Mollino’s furniture designs were often voluptuous, biomorphic and elaborate and atypical from the prevalent Rationalist tendencies of the Milanese design of the time. An example of Mollino’s unique stile, is the Arabesque Table that he designed in 1959. This table was made out of bent Plywood and glass with a marked influence of surrealist artists Jan Arp’s and Leonor Fini’s biomorphic shapes in the form of a woman’s torso.

In 1952, Carlo Mollino designed an armchair for the Casa del Sole in Cervinia, for which he applied his patented cold-molded plywood process, creating an armchair with legs and armrests that consisted of a continuous bent wood layers. In 1953, applying the same process, Mollino designed fir Casa Cattaneo Agra in Varese a chair made entirely of molded wood, and continued to apply a similar process using continuous bent wood to several of his signature furniture designs.

Interior of Teatro Regio in Turin
Interior of the Teatro Regio in Turin designed by Carlo Mollino (photo Simone Solinas creative commons)

Carlo Mollino was notably prolific as a photographer and designer, but as an architect he only built 9 buildings throughout his career: the Equestrian Association Società Ippica Torinese in Turin (1937, but demolished in in 1960), ski resort Slittovia del lago Nero in Sauze d’Oulx–a town close to Turin (1946), house Catteneo Agra in Varese (1952), Auditorium RAI in Turin (1952), ski resort Casa del Sole in Cervinia (1955), Aero Club Torino building in Turin (1958), Camera di Commercio in Turin (1964), and the Teatro Regio Torino in Turin (1973).

Today, his furniture can be found in museums around the world, including museums in New York, Paris, and London. Unfortunately, since his furniture designs were usually produced in limited quantities it is difficult to find original editions of his work.

Among some of the recent solo museum exhibitions around Carlo Mollino’s life and work are:

  • 2006 “Fragments” Triennale di Milano, Milan, Italy.
  • 2007 “Carlo Mollino: Arabeschi” GAM (Galleria Arte Moderna) – Modern and Contemporary Art, Turin, Italy.
  • 2009 “Carlo Mollino: Interiors Exhibition” Sebastian and Barquet, London.
  • 2011 “Carlo mollino: Un Messaggio dalla Camera Oscura” Polaroid exhibition at Kunsthalle Vienna Project Space. Vienna.
  • 2012 “Carlo Mollino: Maniera Moderna” Exhibition of Mollino’s manufactured works, Haus der Kunst, Munich, Germany.

For more information on Carlo Mollino, visit the following:

Italian interior designer Carlo Mollino at Vogue
Carlo Mollino architectural-review.com
The Carlo Mollino refuge

Photo by: Simone Solinas of Teatro Regio under Creative Commons

Last updated: March 13, 2020

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bibliography


Aujourd’hui

Aujourd’hui – Numero 2 – Art et Architecture

Paris, France. 1955

 

Aujourd’hui

Aujourd’hui – Numero 28 – Art et Architecture

Paris, France (1960)

 

Carlo Mollino

L’Etrange univers de l’archiecte Carlo Mollino: …présentée par le Centre de creation industrielle du 4 octubre 1989 au 29

Centre Geroge Pompidou

Paris, France. (1989)

 

Elena Tamagno

Carlo Mollino: Esuberanze soft (Universale di architettura)

Testo & imagine

1996

 

Fulvio Ferrari, Napoleone Ferrari

Carlo Mollino: Fiabe per I grandi 1936 – 1943

Federico Motta

Milan, Italy (2003)

 

Daniela Palazzoli, Giovanni Arpino

INSTANT INSTINCTS-Carlo Mollino

Cast Industrie Grafiche

Turin, Italy (2004)

 

Manolo De Giorgi

Carlo Mollino – Interni in Piano-Sequenza

Editrice Abitare Segesta Spa

Rome, Italy (2004)

 

D’Attorre Chorino, L. Milan C.

I luoghi di Carlo Mollino. Itinerari di architettura – The places f Carlo Mollino. Itineraries of Architecture

Catalogo dell amostra

Mondadori Electa

Milan, Italy (2004)

 

Giovani Brino, translated by T. Muirhead

Carlo Mollino: Architecture as Autobiography / Architettura come Autobiografia

Idea Books

Amsterdam, The Netherlands (2005)

 

Fulvio Ferrari

The Furniture of Carlo Molino

Phaidon Press

London, U.K. (2006)

 

Fulvio Ferrari, Napoleone Ferrari

Carlo Mollino. Arabeschi. Catalogo della mostra (Rivoli, 20 settembre 2006 – 7 gennaio 2007)

Mondadori Electa

Milano, Italy (2006)

 

Luca Cerizza, Beatriz Colomina, Kurt Forster

Carlo Mollino: Maniera Moderna

Walther König.

Köln, Germany (2012)

 

Napoleone Ferrari, Gerald A. Matt, Lucas Gehrmann

Carlo Mollino: Un Messaggio della Camera Oscura

Moderne Kunst

Nürenber, Germany (2012)