Italian designer, architect and photographer
“Only when a work is not explainable other than in terms of itself can we say that we are in the presence of art.”
Carlo Mollino (born May 6, 1905, Turin, Italy–died August 27, 1973, Turin, Italy) was an Italian designer, architect, photographer and writer. As a man of many talents, Mollino was also an avid race car driver, pilot, ski enthusiast, fashion designer, and inventor.
After studying mechanical engineering and art history, followed by architecture at Turin University, Mollino went to work for the engineering company owned by his father, Eugenio Mollino. By the 1940s, Carlo was creating his own furniture designs and architectural projects. He took part in various architecture competitions (winning first prize for the Federazione Agricoltori) and collaborated with other artists, such as Italian sculptor Umberto Mastroianni with whom he designed the Monument to the Partisan in Turin. read more
His work was often considered outrageous, flamboyant, versatile, futuristic, surrealist, eclectic, and eccentric, to say the least. He himself described his work as “Turinese Baroque.” With the introduction of the Polaroid instant camera, Mollino created a series of portraits in his studio-home, Casa Miller. A house he never lived in, but where he would go every day to work, and which was along the Po river and across the street from where his good friend and artist Carlo Rama lived.
His photographic work includes more than 1,000 polaroids. Most of them of nude women of Turin’s night life, that were kept archived at his casa-studio. It is important to note that this erotic photographic work wasn’t known until after his death. Since then, it has been frequently speculated how his interest in the occult and the female body might have helped churn his creativity and set his preference for the organic forms seen across his work.
Given the influence that futurism, surrealism, and eroticism had in Carlo Molino, it is not surprising that his furniture designs would be uncommon to the patterns and predilections of other Italian contemporary designers. Carlo Mollino’s furniture designs were often voluptuous, biomorphic and elaborate and atypical from the prevalent Rationalist tendencies of the Milanese design of the time. An example of Mollino’s unique stile, is the Arabesque Table that he designed in 1959. This table was made out of bent Plywood and glass with a marked influence of surrealist artists Jan Arp’s and Leonor Fini’s biomorphic shapes in the form of a woman’s torso.
In 1952, Carlo Mollino designed an armchair for the Casa del Sole in Cervinia, for which he applied his patented cold-molded plywood process, creating an armchair with legs and armrests that consisted of a continuous bent wood layers. In 1953, applying the same process, Mollino designed fir Casa Cattaneo Agra in Varese a chair made entirely of molded wood, and continued to apply a similar process using continuous bent wood to several of his signature furniture designs.
Carlo Mollino was notably prolific as a photographer and designer, but as an architect he only built 9 buildings throughout his career: the Equestrian Association Società Ippica Torinese in Turin (1937, but demolished in in 1960), ski resort Slittovia del lago Nero in Sauze d’Oulx–a town close to Turin (1946), house Catteneo Agra in Varese (1952), Auditorium RAI in Turin (1952), ski resort Casa del Sole in Cervinia (1955), Aero Club Torino building in Turin (1958), Camera di Commercio in Turin (1964), and the Teatro Regio Torino in Turin (1973).
Today, his furniture can be found in museums around the world, including museums in New York, Paris, and London. Unfortunately, since his furniture designs were usually produced in limited quantities it is difficult to find original editions of his work.
Among some of the recent solo museum exhibitions around Carlo Mollino’s life and work are:
- 2006 “Fragments” Triennale di Milano, Milan, Italy.
- 2007 “Carlo Mollino: Arabeschi” GAM (Galleria Arte Moderna) – Modern and Contemporary Art, Turin, Italy.
- 2009 “Carlo Mollino: Interiors Exhibition” Sebastian and Barquet, London.
- 2011 “Carlo mollino: Un Messaggio dalla Camera Oscura” Polaroid exhibition at Kunsthalle Vienna Project Space. Vienna.
- 2012 “Carlo Mollino: Maniera Moderna” Exhibition of Mollino’s manufactured works, Haus der Kunst, Munich, Germany.
For more information on Carlo Mollino, visit the following:
Last updated: March 13, 2020
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Aujourd’hui – Numero 2 – Art et Architecture
Paris, France. 1955
Aujourd’hui – Numero 28 – Art et Architecture
Paris, France (1960)
L’Etrange univers de l’archiecte Carlo Mollino: …présentée par le Centre de creation industrielle du 4 octubre 1989 au 29
Centre Geroge Pompidou
Paris, France. (1989)
Carlo Mollino: Esuberanze soft (Universale di architettura)
Testo & imagine
Fulvio Ferrari, Napoleone Ferrari
Carlo Mollino: Fiabe per I grandi 1936 – 1943
Milan, Italy (2003)
Daniela Palazzoli, Giovanni Arpino
INSTANT INSTINCTS-Carlo Mollino
Cast Industrie Grafiche
Turin, Italy (2004)
Manolo De Giorgi
Carlo Mollino – Interni in Piano-Sequenza
Editrice Abitare Segesta Spa
Rome, Italy (2004)
D’Attorre Chorino, L. Milan C.
I luoghi di Carlo Mollino. Itinerari di architettura – The places f Carlo Mollino. Itineraries of Architecture
Catalogo dell amostra
Milan, Italy (2004)
Giovani Brino, translated by T. Muirhead
Carlo Mollino: Architecture as Autobiography / Architettura come Autobiografia
Amsterdam, The Netherlands (2005)
The Furniture of Carlo Molino
London, U.K. (2006)
Fulvio Ferrari, Napoleone Ferrari
Carlo Mollino. Arabeschi. Catalogo della mostra (Rivoli, 20 settembre 2006 – 7 gennaio 2007)
Milano, Italy (2006)
Luca Cerizza, Beatriz Colomina, Kurt Forster
Carlo Mollino: Maniera Moderna
Köln, Germany (2012)
Napoleone Ferrari, Gerald A. Matt, Lucas Gehrmann
Carlo Mollino: Un Messaggio della Camera Oscura
Nürenber, Germany (2012)