Italian designer and architect
Gabriella Crespi (born February 17, 1922, Florence, Italy–died February 14, 2017) was an Italian designer and architect who worked in architecture, sculpture, and jewelry but arguably achieved the greatest acclaim for her striking furniture design that blended opulence with the clean lines of geometry. Channeling the spirit of mid-century modern design and deeply invested in experimenting with the mutability of modern furniture, Crespi echoed streamlined forms yet preferred to work with lavish materials to create unique pieces that were as functional as they were aesthetically exceptional. read more
Crespi was born in Florence in 1922 but later moved to Milan to study architecture at Politecnico di Milano. Her early architectural projects bore echoes of contemporary modern masters, such as Swiss architect and designer Le Corbusier (Charles-Édouard Jeanneret) (1887–1965). Soon, though, her focus shifted from architecture to design. She declared this new path in the 1950s when she debuted her Small Lune Collection, which consisted of a series of crescent-shaped forms rendered in steel, and by the 1960s, Crespi had joined forces with Maison Dior to design home furnishings.
The year 1968 marked the debut of her initial Plurimo a conceptual piece of furniture that experimented with shifting forms for multiple uses. The warm reception of this design at a Dallas exhibition that year spurred Crespi to collaborate with her daughter, Elisabetta, on a larger series on the theme. This new series was named Plurimi, as a tribute to Italian painter Emilio Vedova, and include iconic designs such. Examples such as the Scultura table and the Magic Cube bar cabinet (both 1970) that revealed Crespi’s ability to blur the lines between furniture and sculpture and between function and design. It was this same moment when Crespi investigated similar themes in lighting design, conjuring examples such as Kaleidoscope and Lune to great acclaim.
Crespi would create additional pieces in her Plurimi series over the course of the 1970s and early 1980s, but by mid-decade she had broken away from her career as a designer and embarked on a quest of personal spirituality. She spent the following 18 years living in India, and when she returned to Italy in 2005, she was infused with a new outlook. Her design work never returned to the pace she had maintained prior to her departure; she did, however, initiate several important projects to reissue her earlier work. She collaborated, for example, with British designer Stella McCartney in 2008 to reissue some of her vintage jewelry designs, and in 2015, she reissued a selection of her most iconic sculptural works for the Salone del Mobile exhibition in Milan.
Last updated: February 22, 2019
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“Gabriella Crespi.” Gabriella Crespi.
“Gabriella Crespi.” Vogue Italia.